A STATE of emergency was declared for the entire city of Baltimore on Monday night as whole neighbourhoods here were engulfed in rioting and destruction of property, plunging one more major American metropolis into civil turmoil over allegations of persistent police abuse of minorities.
Hundreds of mostly teenage African-Americans began a frenzied rampage, throwing rocks at police lines and torching police vehicles and some buildings, just hours after leaders of the community had gathered to to bury 25-year-old Freddie Gray, who died one week being arrested by police with a severed spine.
The Governor of Maryland, Larry Hagan, said he declared the state of emergency and activated National Guard troops to try to return calm to the city as "last resort. For hours, the rioters had apparently had free run of parts of the city, ransacking shops and setting fires with little sign of a police response.
Officials said that 15 of their officers had been injured in the violent clashes, some with broken bones, and they were all receiving treatment.
The increasingly embattled Mayor of Baltimore, Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, described the rioters as "thugs" and said a city-wide curfew from 10 pm to 5 am would be imposed for a week starting from Tuesday.
Too many people have invested in building up this city to allow thugs to tear it down. pic.twitter.com/bGjT5ru5cy— Mayor Rawlings-Blake (@MayorSRB) April 28, 2015
The trouble erupted just hours after the new US Attorney General, Loretta Lynch, was sworn in. She briefed President Barack Obama on the situation and was expected to visit Baltimore today.
While most of the violence was centered in areas about 4 miles northwest of the business centre of Baltimore, a planned baseball game between the Orioles and the Chicago Cubs at Camden Yards by the harbour was postponed in case the unrest spread.
A large chemist chain store was set on fire late in the afternoon. Later an official said a much larger fire apparently related to the rioting had broken out at what was going to be a major community centre in the city that was still under construction. Called the Mary Harvin Transformation Center, it was to serve local youth and family initiatives.
The police have yet fully to explain the circumstances of the arrest of Mr Gray but there has been speculation that he may have suffered the injuries that killed him while being taken to jail in the back of a police wagon. Suspects are placed in a narrow metal box in the rear of the vans and must be strapped in. Video has shown Mr Gray was not strapped in. The six officers who arrested him have been suspended with pay. The department has not revealed their ethnic backgrounds.
All this came to the boil as the nation as a whole has been gripped by raw debate about how young blacks are treated by the police, which was ignited last August by the killing of Michael Brown, 18, in Ferguson, Missouri by a white police officer. The protests there were also violent, especially when a local grand jury elected to not indict the officer for any crime.
Even as the funeral of Mr Gray was under way at the New Shiloh Baptist Church here, a police bulletin said the department had received a "credible threat" that several gangs including the Black Guerilla Family, Bloods and Crips usually at war with each other in the city were intending to unite and "take out" personnel and property their common target.
While hundreds of teenagers ran amok another group tried to stage a more orderly protest, linking arms and getting down on their knees in front of a line of police to voice their anger at the death of Mr Gray. Then then rose to their feet and continued until they were face to face with the riot-gear dressed police. Among them was Elijah Cummings, a US Congressman who represents the city.
As a representative for Mr Gray's family appealed for calm, television images showed a smoke billowing from CVS pharmacy store and, elsewhere, police firing tear gas to try and clear the streets. Many commentators questioned why the police had not been more proactive in stopping the looting, especially since there were widespread reports that violent protests were planned.
Youths stoned a city bus and passing police vehicles outside the Mondawmin Mall in north west Baltimore close to the site of the funeral. From a helicopter, police called for them to disperse, but the youths ignored the order.
"We will try and arrest people who are responsible for attacks on officers," police spokesman Cpt Eric Kowalczyk told CNN.
Attorney General Loretta Lynch released a statement, saying: "I condemn the senseless acts of violence by some individuals in Baltimore that have resulted in harm to law enforcement officers, destruction of property and a shattering of the peace in the city of Baltimore.
"Those who commit violent actions, ostensibly in protest of the death of Freddie Gray, do a disservice to his family, to his loved ones, and to legitimate peaceful protestors who are working to improve their community for all its residents."
Earlier on Monday, a long line of mourners stretched out of the front door of the New Shiloh Baptist Church where the funeral was held, Reuters reported.
"I am here to show that Freddie's loss of life was not in vain," said Joe Jones, head of the Centre for Urban Families, which provides aid to local residents.
"There's a lot of frustration, a lot of disappointment. This is a microcosm of things that are happening" to young black men across the United States.
On Sunday, people who did not even know Mr Gray filed in a steady stream for hours into a funeral home for his wake. Some people stood outside with signs that read "We remember Freddie" and "Our Hearts Are With The Gray Family".
Mr Gray lay inside in a coffin, dressed in a white shirt, black trousers, white shoes and a Los Angeles Dodgers baseball cap. Above the lid to the coffin was a floral arrangement and inside the lid was a pillow with a screen-printed picture of Gray flanked by doves and the quote, "Peace, Y'all" at the bottom edge.
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